How often does each of us see a doctor? Surely this only happens when the pain or discomfort in a particular part of the body becomes simply unbearable. And if the disease manifests itself only in some external signs and does not make itself felt in any other way? Then you don't need to go to the doctor at all!
Of course it is not. One of these very common and almost non-manifest diseases is varicose veins. This disease develops on different parts of the body, mainly on the legs and arms, although there are even cases of varicose veins on internal organs, such as the ovaries and kidneys.
Varicose veins on the legs are manifested in people of various professions and ages, most often, of course, it occurs in women of 30-40 years old and in men engaged in heavy power loads. It is estimated that every third woman in the world suffers from this disease and every tenth man, and especially these numbers are high in the countries of the USA and Great Britain, it is here that even very young people and girls are susceptible to illness.
Varicose veins in the legs: symptoms
As mentioned earlier, varicose veins do not have any pronounced symptoms, manifested in pain or discomfort, but nevertheless, the disease has a number of signs that make it possible to identify it in the early stages.
Here are the most common and common symptoms of varicose veins:
- oddly enough, but this is pain. Even with such a disease, many patients experience pain symptoms, and the pain can be very different:
- pain while walking or running;
- "aches" in the affected areas of the legs;
- throbbing like hot pain in the legs;
- pain in the affected venous trunks;
- itchy leg muscles, cramps at night
- feeling of heaviness and fullness of the legs;
- severe swelling in the legs, especially in the evening after a working day;
- various skin changes, they appear in the form of initial dryness of the skin, then the appearance of spots and other pigmentation, even later, itching of the skin, eczema, etc . ;
- the appearance of spider veins, they are also a manifestation of varicose veins;
- bulging veins that protrude above the surface of the legs;
- tortuous pattern of veins (after the lesion, the veins change shape, instead of straight healthy veins, the patient sees tortuous and curved veins);
- vein discoloration (they can turn bright purple or even crimson);
- in the late stage of the disease, patients often develop ulcers that take a very long time and do not heal well
All these symptoms are quite easy to notice, often most people simply do not consider it necessary to pay attention to them. However, varicose veins on the legs are very dangerous not only for aesthetic reasons, but also because it causes many complications throughout the human body. There are even cases when from this disease patients became disabled for life, there are few such cases, but they still exist.
The causes of varicose veins
Varicose veins are a very "insidious" disease that is not always accompanied by specific causes. Of course, there are some reasons that seem to push the disease to its even greater and faster formation, these reasons must be taken into account, especially when you have already begun to notice the first signs of the disease.
Here are the main and most common causes of varicose veins on the legs:
- patient gender
Unfortunately, statistics show that women, due to their physiology, are most susceptible to this disease, so they especially need to monitor their health;
- genetic predisposition
While doctors cannot explain the reason, everything suggests that varicose veins are a direct hereditary disease, especially when the disease is transmitted from woman to woman. If one of your closest relatives has this disease, then the probability of getting sick yourself increases several times;
Pregnant women usually have hormonal changes, this provokes various changes in the body, including varicose veins;
- taking hormones and oral contraceptives
Here the reason is the same: against the background of taking these drugs in women, the hormonal background changes significantly, this provokes the disease;
- frequent physical activity
Constant intense physical activity strongly provokes the disease, first of all it concerns power loads. Such loads on the body increase venous pressure, and this contributes to the development of the disease. Athletes-bodybuilders who constantly expose their bodies to such loads are especially susceptible in this case;
- sedentary work and extended leg work
If you constantly sit at a computer or in a car, then you are at risk, the same applies to long-term work on the legs, the legs are constantly under pressure, there are disturbances in the blood flow;
- unhealthy diet
Oddly enough, even diet and nutrition also affect the development of the disease. So, a large intake of salt and salty foods provokes swelling and stagnation of excess fluid in the human body, and this also provokes illness;
Excess weight greatly affects the development of the disease, a set of even a few extra pounds can significantly accelerate the development of varicose veins on the legs;
- uncomfortable shoes and clothes
Wardrobe items such as very high heels, tight clothing, uncomfortable shoes, tight tights, etc. can provoke the appearance and development of varicose veins;
- lack of simple physical activity
Simple exercise and walking must be present in the life of any person, if a person prefers to move only with the help of transport, then he is also at risk of patients with varicose veins.
Prevention of varicose veins
Simple preventive methods, unfortunately, do not always help to completely protect yourself from the disease, but still most of them will help to "slow down" the disease or even avoid it altogether.
Here are some simple rules that will help you forget about varicose veins at least for a while:
It is imperative to do exercises, you do not need to torment yourself with heavy exercises or something like that, just do a 10-minute exercise or pamper yourself with walking to work or from work, this is quite enough to strengthen your health;
If you often sit or, conversely, stand at work, then you need to take short breaks that will help relax your legs and improve blood flow in your legs. It is enough to do a couple of squats or walk around the room at least once every 20-30 minutes, this will help improve blood flow and reduce the likelihood of developing the disease;
- "correct" wardrobe
If you consider yourself at risk of developing varicose veins, then pay attention to your wardrobe. Ideally, you should avoid very high heels, any tight shoes and clothing. If you are not ready to completely abandon this, then at least wear such shoes and clothes not very often;
- correct diet
Be sure to give up the consumption of very salty, fatty and smoked foods, they provoke a real stagnation of blood in the body and excess fluid. Be sure to try to drink as much plain water as possible and eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, this is not only good for the legs, but also for the whole body;
If you are overweight, try eating a healthy diet and doing light exercise to help you lose weight and increase blood flow.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs?
For the treatment of varicose veins, unfortunately, there are no strict rules and special drugs. Most often, phlebologists recommend a number of simple measures, which are described above, and also recommend some drugs, but they are not always effective.
Each year, different companies offer a variety of new-fangled drugs and remedies that help reduce the manifestation of the disease in a number of patients. There are a great many such remedies, many of them are quite expensive and require constant adherence to certain rules and recommendations, but they can only help some patients who have the disease only at an early stage.
There is even a huge number of alternative methods of treatment, they need to be used constantly, otherwise there will be no result, such methods can be safely applied right at home, they do not require a doctor's consultation or any auxiliary means.
Here are some simple and quite effective "home" treatments for varicose veins:
- apple cider vinegar
You need to rub your feet around the entire perimeter with apple cider vinegar for at least one month, you need to do it every day, in addition to this you need to drink a glass of plain water with a teaspoon of the same vinegar;
- vertical position
It is also extremely helpful, although keeping your legs upright for 10 minutes every day, this simple exercise is extremely beneficial to improve blood flow and relieve pressure in the legs;
- green tomatoes
For long-term treatment (at least 6 months), simple green tomatoes are suitable, which must first be cut into large circles and applied to the affected veins, wrapped well with bandages on top and so go to bed, after a while the veins will begin to shrink;
- raw potatoes
Take some raw potatoes and finely grate them to make a puree. This puree should be applied to the swollen veins and wrapped with plastic wrap around the leg, all this should be left for at least 4 hours, and then washed off with water. This is also a long-term treatment that must be applied at least for six months, during which time almost all patients observe a decrease or even disappearance of pain and heaviness in the legs, and after 6-8 months, the affected veins "fall" into place;
- anti-varicose veins cocktail
This cocktail is good for the whole body as it only needs simple ingredients: almonds, purified water and honey. Pre-boil water, grind the nuts into a powder, pour boiling water over one tablespoon of nut powder, add one tablespoon of honey and leave alone for an hour. This cocktail is best drunk twice a day, preferably before breakfast and two hours after breakfast.
Of course, it is worth noting that these methods do not always help to cure varicose veins, but they can be at least an excellent prevention of this disease. At the moment, the most effective and demanded method is still the surgical treatment of varicose veins of the legs, which is used everywhere. With the help of surgical intervention, diseased veins can be removed permanently without damage to health, this is the fastest and most effective method of treatment.