Varicose veins

Varicose veins

A low aesthetic disease is varicose veins, which manifests itself in the expansion of the superficial venous vessels, the mesh of which can be seen through the skin. With this disease, blood circulation in these vessels is impaired, which can lead to a lack of oxygen supply and the removal of carbon dioxide. Symptoms are pronounced, so they need to be treated in a timely manner. It is better to avoid this disease altogether through prevention. Often, the treatment of varicose veins consists of an operation.

Why do varicose veins occur? There are reasons that often occur in the lives of many people:

  1. Metabolic disorders.
  2. Professions where a person is constantly in a standing position (salespeople, waiters, etc. ).
  3. Bad habits (smoking and alcohol) that negatively affect the state of blood vessels.
  4. Endocrine diseases.
  5. Red pepper abuse.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins

Doctors are less and less inclined to believe that varicose veins are hereditary. This is not always the case. Scientists note more other factors that often provoke the disease: lifestyle, hormones and nutrition.

Impaired metabolism is one of the causes of varicose veins. It leads to obesity, which is the result of an inactive lifestyle and poor diet, which are very common today. A person increasingly uses products of intensive processing, refusing plant foods.

Professions that make a person either stand for a long time, or sit for a long time, or carry weights, or make sudden movements also exert a great load on the veins. All this leads to the development of varicose veins over time.

  • Long flights or travel affects the condition of the veins, which is often noted in the male half.
  • Women often suffer from groin varicose veins due to wearing tight underwear. They also suffer from varicose veins of the lower extremities if they often walk a lot in high heels or uncomfortable soles.

Pregnancy also becomes a factor in the development of varicose veins, especially if there is a history of rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis.

Other causes of varicose veins are:

  1. Deep vein thrombosis.
  2. Prostate adenoma.
  3. Cough.
  4. Constant constipation.
  5. Surgical intervention with anesthesia.

How to recognize varicose veins?

The very first sign of varicose veins is the appearance of a blue vein pattern (mesh) on the skin surface. It usually appears on the thighs, in places where cellulite is located - a disturbed exchange of fat that presses on the veins.

The second sign of varicose veins is swelling of the soft tissues of the legs. When diagnosing the disease, it is differentiated from kidney stones and cardiovascular insufficiency.

The more varicose veins develop, the more pain in the calf muscles becomes. The pain is pulling or sharp, usually worsening by lunchtime after a certain amount of stress has been put on for the day.

A person complains about:

  1. Heavy legs.
  2. Trophic changes in the leg area.
  3. Night cramps.

When viewed externally, a grid or asterisks are visible, especially if the person is standing. If the patient assumes a supine position, then the external manifestations of varicose veins may become invisible. The swelling usually subsides after a night's rest.

Stages of varicose veins

Varicose veins are progressive and go through the following stages:

  1. The first - swelling of the veins, heterogeneity of the structure, thickening of the veins, the formation of nodes and thrombophlebitis.
  2. The second is fatigue, irritability, rapid fatigability, heaviness in the legs. Deterioration of health, the appearance of insomnia and memory loss. There are complaints of night cramps. For a long time, the skin cannot return to its previous shape after removing the outerwear due to edema.
  3. The third is trophic changes in the tibia region. The skin becomes brown, dry, cracked, lifeless. Development of dermatitis with a characteristic rash and itching. Swelling can now be found anywhere in the leg. The feeling of heaviness is reminiscent of muscle bursting. Any load leads to rapid fatigue, which provokes depression, insomnia, weakness.
  4. Fourth - the stage of development of complications in the form of inflammation of the walls of veins, bleeding or the occurrence of trophic ulcers.
Pregnant woman consulting a phlebologist

Varicose veins during pregnancy

If a woman has a tendency to develop varicose veins or the first signs have already appeared before pregnancy, then during the carrying of a child, this disease will manifest itself in full force. Usually 35% of women experience varicose veins during the first pregnancy, 50% - during the second and 75% - during the third.

Varicose veins are explained by the fact that blood enters the lower extremities, but its outflow becomes difficult. This leads to stagnation of blood, due to which the venous vessels expand and become visible. If a woman is not treated, there may be a risk of a blood clot ruptured, which will lead to the death of the mother and baby.

Other causes of varicose veins during pregnancy are:

  1. Hormonal changes.
  2. The enlargement of the uterus and its pressure on the vessels.
  3. Increased blood count.
  4. Individual features.

Also, pathology can manifest itself in the area of ​​the anus or external labia.

Pelvic varicose veins

Varicose veins can develop not only in the legs,Varicose veins of the pelvisbut also in the pelvic area. This disease often develops in women. It is diagnosed using a three-dimensional ultrasound, where you can see the dilated veins of the small pelvis, as well as inflammatory processes in the uterus, ovaries and bladder.

Symptoms for pelvic varicose veins are similar to varicose veins in the legs. Severity and pain are felt in the lower abdomen. The reason is often pregnancy, pathology in the small pelvis, difficult childbirth. Other factors are:

  • Carrying the baby at all times.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Taking oral contraceptives.
  • Congenital underdevelopment of the venous wall.

How are varicose veins treated?

Conservative treatment is allowed only with contraindications to surgery or at the initial stage of varicose veins, when pathological changes have not yet occurred. Here are used:

  • Bandaging.
  • Compression stockings.
  • Constant change of position.
  • Raise your legs so they can rest.
  • Avoiding poorly ventilated rooms with high temperatures.
  • Elimination of large amounts of liquid and salt from the diet.
  • Taking diuretics.
  • Venoprotectors.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Exercise therapy for uncomplicated varicose veins: bathing, swimming, water aerobics.
  • Ointments.
  • Hirudotherapy.

Operations for varicose veins

Tumescent anesthesia (application of a local anesthetic) is part of the surgery. This measure is necessary if pathological changes have already begun.

A miniflebectomy is an operation using local anesthesia - small punctures are made on the surface of the skin directly to the veins.

Another type of surgery is the removal of the affected veins using a short scripting.

Endoscopic vein dissection is another type of surgery - the use of an endoscopic apparatus to identify the area of ​​the affected vein.

Prevention and prognosis for varicose veins

Varicose veins can be prevented or halted. To do this, it is necessary to observe preventive measures that give favorable forecasts:

  1. Quitting bad habits.
  2. Wearing compression garments.
  3. Massage for legs, thighs and back.
  4. exercise therapy.
  5. Stress relief.
  6. Maintaining personal hygiene of the feet.
  7. Elimination of constipation.

The most effective method is to change your daily routine. You should eliminate high physical activity and get more rest. You can also resort to traditional medicine recipes.