Varicose veins - what is it, symptoms, causes, stages, treatment and prevention

what is varicose veins

Varicose veins are a very common disease among the population over the age of 30, the essence of which is inflammation of the walls of the veins, their bulging, the appearance of nodules and, in severe cases, ulcers.

Most often, varicose veins of the legs surprises women who suffer, suffering not only from aesthetic imperfections, but also from the discomfort and pain that accompany varicose veins on the legs.

Varicose veins - causes

There are only a few major causes of the disease:

  • Inactive sedentary work or work in which you have to be constantly standing
  • Obesity
  • Heredity
  • Age and gender. The greatest likelihood of developing varicose veins in women at the age of 30-40

Phlebologists treating varicose veins and Wikipedia claim that in a healthy person, blood flows through the veins from bottom to top. This is achieved thanks to:

  • Rhythmic heart contractions
  • The presence of valves in the veins
  • Leg muscles work

High static loads or reduced physical activity cause an increase in venous pressure in the lower extremities. Vessels cannot withstand such stress and begin to stretch, and their wall becomes thinner. This leads to the appearance of a gap between the valve and the vessel, the blood flow goes in the opposite direction, which is called reflux.

Pregnancy and varicose veins

pregnancy and varicose veins

Usually in women, varicose veins during pregnancy are very common, sometimes accompanied by varicose veins in the perineum and pelvic region.

This type of pelvic varicose veins is caused by the pressure exerted by the enlarged uterus on the veins.

Varicose veins: symptoms and stages of the disease

The clinic of varicose veins is due to the stages of the disease:

  • Stage 0. The first symptoms are heaviness and fatigue in the legs after a working day, swelling of the ankles, feet and lower leg in the late afternoon. In this case, all symptoms disappear after a night's rest or after active walking.
  • Stage 1. Stage 0 symptoms are accompanied by spider veins on the legs, pain along the veins, and rare night cramps in the calves.
  • Stage 2. At this stage, veins and nodules that arise after a long sitting or standing position are already felt on the skin. Even at this stage, the likelihood of blood clots is high.
  • Stage 3. To all of the above signs, constant edema is added in the late afternoon, which in the morning may no longer go away completely.
  • Stage 4. The skin on the legs may turn dark in color. Skin atrophy appears.
  • Stage 5. Trophic ulcers appear that are capable of healing.
  • Stage 6. Trophic ulcers do not heal.

Varicose veins: complications you should know.

If you postpone treatment for later, then you can soon wait for complications.

complications with varicose veins

Blood clots due to congestion can lead to thrombophlebitis, edema, pulmonary infarction, or even sudden death from thromboembolism. Non-healing trophic ulcers, eczema and dermatitis may appear, and the color of the affected skin area may change. Constant edema leads to the compaction of fatty tissue. A very unpleasant complication is bleeding from varicose veins, which occurs due to thinning of the skin at the site of an enlarged vein or mechanical damage.

At the same time, women may have pelvic varicose veins, which is manifested by pain after sex and walking, dysmenorrhea, severe PMS, discharge, etc.

Varicose veins: diagnosis

This disease is diagnosed by a phlebologist during examination, he determines the presumptive stage of the disease and prescribes functional tests and instrumental research methods:

  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Ultrasound duplex angioscanning
  • Radionuclide and X-ray contrast phleboscintigraphy
  • Phlebomanometry. Allows you to determine the state of deep veins.
  • Plethysmography
  • Photoplethysmography

After passing the diagnosis, the phlebologist issues a verdict and prescribes the most rational treatment for a particular case.

Varicose veins: treatment

How to carry out the treatment? Initial varicose veins can be cured in three ways: compression therapy, physiotherapy exercises and drug treatment. Varicose veins are treated until complete recovery. Treatment of RFA (RFA) has also become popular. You can learn about all these methods of treating varicose veins by studying in more detail and in depth useful materials on this topic. Below we will briefly describe all the methods of treatment.

Varicose veins: conservative treatment

Compression therapy consists of daily bandaging the legs with an elastic bandage or putting on elastic stockings. Varicose veins, treatment without surgery are words that have become a reality for many.

Varicose veins: medical treatment

Also used only in the initial stages of varicose veins. It consists in the appointment of drugs that improve circulation and promote blood thinning, strengthen the walls, improve the tone of the veins and relieve pain.

It is necessary to regularly engage in special exercises and raise your legs to a hill during prolonged sitting. And yet, many people are more interested in varicose veins, its laser treatment, its cost, as well as other methods of treatment.

Varicose veins - sclerotherapy treatment

sclerotherapy for varicose veins

Sclerotherapy is also a modern non-surgical method, when a patient is injected into an enlarged vein with a special drug that glues and then dissolves the walls of the affected vessel.

Varicose veins - sclerotherapy

These procedures can significantly improve the condition of the legs, but to a greater extent they are aesthetic procedures aimed at improving the cosmetic condition of the lower extremities.

Varicose veins. Treatment is an operation!

Surgical intervention implies a radical solution to the problem.

  • Phlebectomy - surgical removal (pulling out with a special metal probe) of the affected areas of the veins, while reflux and varicose veins are eliminated.
  • Varicose veins. Laser treatment. The technique is also aimed at eliminating vertical reflux and cauterizing the vessels from the inside to stop the growing varicose veins. Laser treatment (you can read the reviews yourself on our website) is very effective. Varicose veins, laser treatment, the price of it are of interest to many patients.
  • Varicose veins. Radiofrequency treatment is the most modern way to get rid of the disease. Varicose veins, RFA treatment are inseparable concepts. The procedure is carried out using a special radio frequency apparatus by burning the vein wall with microwaves. Varicose veins disappear so quickly. RFO treatment has become a salvation for many who do not want to perform the traumatic classical phlebectomy.

Each of these methods has its own specific indications and contraindications, which the phlebologist and surgeon should take into account. Varicose veins, treatment of RFO has become an issue for many patients. Many people are interested in laser treatment, the price of which is sometimes very different in clinics. In our clinic, laser treatment of varicose veins, when cost is as important as quality of life, is quick and painless! And then varicose veins (after the operation, rehabilitation is not needed at all) for many years will cease to torment you.

Ointment for varicose veins

Many patients go to the pharmacy for help, which sells drugs against varicose veins for external use. Insidious varicose veins, how to treat better and by what means?

But it is better not to be fooled, waiting for the immediate removal of varicose veins, you need to seek help from qualified specialists who will remove varicose veins. Healing (the price for health cannot be high) will prevail.

How to treat varicose veins with alternative methods

You can "restrain" varicose veins (treatment with folk remedies is still not extinct), recipes that are passed down from generation to generation. Varicose veins: treatment with alternative methods. Popular media:

Recipes at home with good reviews:

  • Pounded garlic compress with butter (1: 2);
  • Compress made from wormwood gruel mixed with sour milk;
  • Nettle infusion for internal use;
  • Tincture of chestnut flowers on alcohol for internal use, etc.

Varicose veins - home treatment. Photos, results

treatment of varicose veins by alternative methods

Varicose veins are dangerous. Treatment, as well as cost, are very important aspects. Varicose veins photos and the results have collected a lot, users often post them on the network. Many of these recipes are based on popular wisdom, but do not take into account modern approaches to examination and treatment.

Varicose veins: how to cure to the end

It is quite possible to cure varicose veins of the extremities. But for this you need to take seriously your health. Do not self-medicate, it is better to seek medical help on time. Complications of the disease are very unpleasant and even life-threatening.

Varicose veins: prevention

To prevent the development of varicose veins it is necessary: ​​

  • Keep track of your weight.
  • Do not wear very high-heeled shoes or tight claws or stockings.
  • Lead an active lifestyle and exercise daily.
  • Wear compression hosiery against varicose veins.
  • Self-massage the feet.
  • Make contrasting douches on the legs.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • Do not abuse hot tubs and saunas.
  • Sleep with a roller under your feet.
  • Seek medical attention at the first symptoms of a disease.

By following these recommendations, you will be protected from varicose veins, although the likelihood of development is still there, since the hereditary factor is a predetermining factor.

In conclusion, we can say that varicose veins is a disease that can be successfully treated without surgery using endovascular and compression therapy, but for this it is necessary to visit a doctor in the early stages, when the symptoms are still poorly expressed and things have not come to complications. Modern medicine has stepped forward and at the moment there are excellent methods of endovascular treatment of this disease - fast, painless and effective. Compliance with the doctor's prescriptions, adherence to all instructions and refusal to self-treatment will give an excellent result in treatment.

Frequently asked questions about varicose veins

What is the best treatment for varicose veins?

Today, the best treatment for varicose veins will be an integrated approach, including modern endovascular intervention on the venous system, compression therapy and drug therapy.

Why does varicose veins form on the legs?

The venous vessels of the lower extremities experience the greatest hydrostatic load, both during static and dynamic loads. By the way, varicose veins practically never occur in other mammals. To some extent, varicose veins are a person's payment for walking upright.

Why does varicose veins of the lower extremities develop?

Varicose veins of the lower extremities develop due to the following factors:

  • Heredity.
  • Increased load on the lower limbs, especially static.
  • Obesity.
  • Age.
  • Gender, women are at greater risk of developing varicose veins.

Can varicose veins be cured without going to a doctor?

Varicose veins cannot be cured without the participation of a doctor. Moreover, for adequate treatment, it is necessary to contact a specialized specialist, a phlebologist. Only if this condition is met, you will receive the expected result of the treatment of varicose veins.

Which operation is better for varicose veins?

Answer: The best surgery that modern medicine can offer at the present time is endovasal laser coagulation of varicose veins. It is this technology that today is the gold standard for the treatment of varicose veins today.