The risk of varicose veins of the labia

Varicose veins can have different localization. Veins suffer not only in the lower extremities, but also in the pelvic area. Varicose veins of the labia are formed against the background of failures in the venous circulation, which often occurs during pregnancy. However, any woman runs the risk of getting a pathology in the presence of adverse factors. To eliminate the disease, doctors resort to drug therapy and surgical intervention.

Causes

The veins of the female genital organs are deformed due to the weakness of the walls of the vessels and the insufficiency of the venous valves. Varicose veins of the vagina or labia often have a hereditary origin.

Pregnancy is the main trigger. Bearing a child is accompanied by hormonal imbalance, weight gain, decreased motor activity and other phenomena that cause problems with blood outflow. The perineum begins to swell and knots form.

In other women, vaginal varicose veins are caused by:

  • excessive weight;
  • long-term use of hormonal drugs;
  • heavy physical exertion;
  • inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • standing in a standing position during the working day;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • regular constipation;
  • harmful addictions (smoking, drinking alcohol).

The presence of a large number of reasons due to which varicose veins of the female genital organs can form should be the reason for a more attentive attitude to one's own health.

Varicose veins of the genital organs in a woman, accompanied by itching and discomfort

If clinical signs of the disease appear, you should immediately consult a doctor for additional studies and the appointment of appropriate treatment.

Symptoms

Varicose veins in the area of the labia outwardly looks almost the same as the defeat of the vessels of the lower extremities. On examination, it is easy to diagnose problems with the veins.

They change in size, become crimped, acquire a bluish tint. You can also observe spider veins and nodules protruding under the skin.

In addition to visual changes, genital varicose veins in women are accompanied by:

  • pain at the site of the pathology;
  • itching, burning;
  • feeling of distension.

Discomfort is exacerbated when a woman deals with physical activity, has sexual intercourse or visits the toilet. Such sensations negatively affect the mood, causing severe irritability.

Varicose veins begin with the formation of a small nodule in the genital area.

Over time, nodules appear more, their size changes, while the patient cannot sit, walk or have sex normally. The skin of the perineum becomes dry and pigmented. If a woman is carrying a child, before giving birth, the pain intensifies as much as possible.

Possible Complications

Varicose veins, regardless of location, can lead to dangerous consequences.

Varicose veins formed on the labia can turn into:

  • an increase in blood viscosity;
  • vein thrombosis;
  • loss of vascular integrity, if childbirth occurs with varicose veins of the labia, which can provoke significant blood loss and even death of the woman in labor.

If that part of the genitals that is involved during delivery is not particularly affected by venous disease, it is quite possible for the baby to be born naturally. With a significant lesion of the vagina, the patient is prepared for a caesarean section.

Diagnostics

Signs of varicose veins are detected quite easily. When probing, a woman herself can determine the presence of pathology. But to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo an examination.

To receive qualified assistance, the patient should consult with a gynecologist and phlebologist, if necessary, you will need to make an appointment with an angiosurgeon.

Initially, the specialist performs an external examination of the external genital organs, asks about the symptoms and collects an anamnesis.

Diagnostics also includes:

  • general blood test;
  • coagulograms;
  • Vascular ultrasound.

The treatment plan is drawn up taking into account the survey data.

Treatment of varicose veins of the labia

To cope with the pathology, the patient is prescribed medications for internal and external use. If pregnancy is the cause of varicose veins, the disease often goes away after childbirth. While a woman is carrying a baby, it is rarely possible to get rid of the disease.

Therapy for varicose veins involves, first of all, the use of venotonics, while it is important that the treatment be prescribed by a phlebologist.

Also a list of medicines is presented:

  • antiplatelet agents;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • drugs with analgesic effect.

Taking ascorbic acid and tocopherol will normalize blood flow, reduce blood viscosity and increase the elasticity of the venous walls.

One of the effective methods of treating the disease is the introduction of a sclerosant into the venous lumen, which helps to push the blood and narrow the vessel. After sclerotherapy, the diseased vein loses its function, and blood circulation is carried out through healthy vessels.

Women with varicose veins of the vagina and labia are shown to wear compression panties

Effective and correct therapy will help reduce the severity of the clinical symptoms of the disease and stop the further development of the pathological process.

With the ineffectiveness of conservative methods, there is a need for surgical intervention. Vaginal varicose veins are eliminated with the help of phlebectomy, radiofrequency or laser coagulation. Surgical treatment is not excluded if the symptoms of varicose veins do not disappear after childbirth.

Special clothing

Patients with varicose veins are advised to wear compression stockings - panties or tights that support the pelvis. Panties are worn over underwear, which must be made from natural fabrics.

Pantyhose are used for prevention purposes, since damage to the vessels of the lower extremities often causes varicose veins of the labia or vagina. The attending physician will help determine the options for medical knitwear.

Lifestyle

In order to achieve good results in the treatment of pathology, in addition to taking medication, one cannot do without changing the habitual lifestyle. It is worth abandoning harmful addictions that destroy health, include plant foods in the diet, walk more often in the fresh air and get enough rest.

Preventive measures

Damage to the venous vessels of the pelvic organs can be avoided if attention is paid to prevention. Knowing about the factors that can provoke the disease, care must be taken to ensure that their influence is minimal or completely absent.

The pathological process can be prevented by:

  • preventive examinations at the gynecologist;
  • wearing comfortable shoes and underwear made from natural materials;
  • regular walking;
  • exclusion from the diet of foods that cause problems with bowel movements;
  • baths with the addition of sea salt;
  • doing physical exercises.

Doctors also advise donating blood for a coagulogram at least once a year.

A timely appeal to the doctor if you suspect varicose veins of the genital organs is the key to a successful cure for an insidious disease. It is important to remember that the maximum therapeutic effect can only be achieved when the use of medications is complemented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.