Laser treatment of varicose veins

In medicine, more and more often for the treatment of varicose veins, a minimally invasive method of combating the disease is used. This method is called endovasal laser coagulation of varicose veins (EVLK). Thanks to manipulation, people with varicose veins are cured of the disease, achieving maximum results. Laser treatment of varicose veins is an easy way to treat the disease with minimal health risks. After the treatment, complications and relapses are extremely rare.

Increasingly, doctors offer patients to remove varicose veins with a laser. The method is improved annually. Dozens of medical institutions offer laser sclerosing and obliteration of affected veins. The reason for the popularity of the method is easy to explain - after the operation, the patient gets rid of varicose veins and leaves the clinic healthy.

Laser coagulation of varicose veins came to medicine at the beginning of the XXI century, and allowed doctors to advance in the treatment of varicose veins. At the beginning of the introduction of the method into medicine, the cost of the procedure was high, not everyone was able to use it. During the operation, a disposable LED was used, a considerable cost. Gradually, production became less costly, leading to a reduction in the cost of the procedure. Now everyone in need has the right to treat varicose veins with a laser.

varicose veins on the leg and its laser treatment

How does the operation take place?

During the operation, doctors directly affect the wall of the affected vein or vessel with laser radiation. The laser emits heat, under the influence of which the sclerosing process proceeds. The varicose vessel is cauterized and closed.

If we consider in detail the process of burning, the doctor first makes a puncture in the skin. A laser light guide is inserted into the vein. The element runs along the length of the diseased section of the vein. Thanks to the light guide, a light beam is generated with a wavelength of 1500 nm. Hemoglobin in the blood absorbs the specified spectrum of waves, depending on the degree of oxygen saturation in the blood. When light energy is absorbed by hemoglobin, heat is released into the blood in the veins. There is a "brewing" of the diseased vessel with the released heat from the inside, the hole is closed. Laser radiation acts only on the area of the varicose vein, does not harm the surrounding tissue.

To control the process, a monitor of the ultrasound machine is installed. During the operation, the vessels are protected that have not undergone changes under the influence of the disease. For this, a certain number of injections are administered to fill the space around the veins.

After carrying out the necessary actions, the laser light guide is removed. The radiation emitted by the laser combines small particles of the affected vein, which is being welded. Gradually, the sclerotizing sites dissolve.

laser treatment of varicose veins

The result of the operation is that the blood ceases to move along the sections of the vascular grid. Deep veins are used to equip the desired area with blood.

For the procedure, the patient is not admitted to the hospital, the process takes place on an outpatient basis. First, ultrasound observation is performed to accurately determine the place of development of varicose veins. To select the method of performing the operation, the patient is sent for a complete ultrasound examination.

How to prepare

The EVLK procedure is easy, the patient does not need to specially prepare. You will only have to be preliminarily examined, to undergo an examination for the presence of restrictions. It is better to undergo research in the institution where the operation is supposed to be carried out. During the examination, the doctor informs the patient about the medications that will be used in EVLK.

If the patient is allergic to certain drugs, the patient reports the situation to the attending physician prior to the procedure. Also, the patient tells the doctor about the medications taken, possibly the selected drugs to achieve maximum results and to exclude complications, the doctor will ask you to temporarily stop taking.

Before the operation, the patient will have to undress and remove jewelry. Metals make adjustments to the way equipment works.

laser treatment of varicose veins

Pros of the procedure

Laser treatment of varicose veins has a lot of advantages. The main advantages are:

  • The procedure does not require the use of anesthesia;
  • No need to go to the hospital, the operation is performed on an outpatient basis;
  • There is no need to make large incisions, just a small puncture;
  • Fast recovery after surgery - 3-5 days;
  • A small number of relapses of the disease.

The main advantage of EVLK is that the procedure takes place without surgery. The patient recovers quickly. After a few days, he returns to his usual way of life.

After surgery, it takes a long time to recover. After EVLK, complications and relapses are extremely rare. The recovery period does not bring pain. After the procedure, the patient's symptoms of varicose veins disappear: the swelling does not bother, the heaviness in the legs disappears. The blood circulation of the lower extremities is restored. Thanks to the EVLK procedure, the patient will not have an advanced degree of the disease leading to the development of ulcers on the skin, thrombophlebitis is unlikely.

When you can't carry out the procedure

Not every patient with varicose veins in the lower extremities is allowed to treat the disease with a laser. The EVLK procedure is not performed if the pathology has passed into an advanced stage. Sometimes the described method of treatment is combined with an operation.

Laser surgery is used to treat varicose veins, when the expansion of the mouth of the main vein does not exceed 1 cm. The laser method of treating veins with a large expansion is ineffective - varicose veins return. The EVLK procedure is not performed:

  • with a tendency to form blood clots;
  • in the presence of diseases identified during the examination;
  • with chronic disturbance of blood circulation;
  • if it is impossible to use compression stockings after the procedure;
  • in the absence of the opportunity to actively move during the recovery period;
  • with high expansion of the saphenous vein;
  • in the presence of an inflammatory process in the area of the puncture;
  • during pregnancy and after childbirth for several months.

Results and recovery

The EVLK procedure is painless and gentle, after which the patient is supposed to adhere to the recommendations during the recovery period. After the operation, it is better for the patient not to walk for several hours; it is better to leave the clinic by car, but not by driving.

bed rest after laser treatment of varicose veins

On arrival home, it is better to go to bed, lie down. After several hours, the patient is advised to adhere to an active lifestyle. Do not lie, do not sit, do not stand for a long time - such behavior will lead to complications. After the procedure, a compression hosiery is put on to help relieve inflammation and speed up bruising. In two weeks, doctors advise to undergo an examination and go for an ultrasound scan. Based on the results of the examination, the doctors will tell you how much more to wear compression stockings.

It is better not to drive long distances for a couple of weeks; while driving, the human circulatory system receives a high load.

Positive dynamics is observed in almost every patient who has undergone the procedure for the destruction of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Symptoms and signs of the disease do not appear even after a year. Periodically, there are cases of renewal of varicose veins on the legs. More often, patients who refuse to change their lifestyle come to a similar outcome.

The positive result of the treatment is achieved in the first year after the procedure for removing the veins in the legs. The vessels and veins of the lower extremities, exposed to laser radiation, gradually become slightly noticeable, do not return to the preoperative state. The feeling of heaviness in the legs, "stars from blood vessels" and other symptoms disappear. A person's gait becomes light and flying.

Every patient should know that in order to prolong the result and maintain a healthy condition of the veins in the legs, a lifestyle change is required. After treatment, the patient should refuse to frequently wear high-heeled shoes, it is better to remove uncomfortable and tight clothes from the wardrobe, try not to stand for a long time, exclude prolonged physical activity.

It is recommended to monitor your weight and nutrition. Try to do exercises every morning, take a 30-minute walk in the fresh air in the evenings. Massage your feet with a stiff brush while taking a bath.

Each person who has undergone laser treatment should know that the most positive result can be achieved with complex treatment.