Many people face varicose veins in their lives. Unfortunately, this is a fairly common phenomenon, and it affects not only the legs, as is usually believed, but also other organs. Fortunately, it is treatable. True, it is long and complex and should be started only after fully understanding the reasons for its occurrence.


The main symptoms of the onset of the disease:

  • the appearance of spider veins, or even a mesh;
  • veins are now visible;
  • the skin on the legs is uncomfortably dry;
  • cramps in the leg muscles;
  • swelling of the legs and heaviness by the end of the day;
  • thickening or darkening;
  • veins are tender.
Varicose veins

What is varicose veins? This question torments many middle-aged people and not only. This term refers to the swelling of the veins in the lower extremities. The veins swell, form knots, become very sinuous and create a lumpy blue surface.

This is because the blood flow in the veins is not good enough. The blood stops moving as it should, as a result of which the pressure inside the vein increases. When it exceeds all normal values, the excess blood begins to have a stretching effect on the walls of the veins. The edges of the vessels move closer to the upper layer of the epidermis and become visible to the naked eye. The first sign of varicose veins is the manifestation of vascular networks. Vessels on the legs, visible through the surface of the skin, are diseased.

Varicose veins - what they have known since ancient times. Even physicians of Byzantium mentioned this disease in their writings. The Egyptians dealt with it with elastic bandages, and Hippocrates, Avicenna and Paracelsus tried to invent more effective ways to treat it.

It is very scary that this pathology has a high prevalence - approximately 25 percent of the world's population is susceptible to this disease. Phlebologists say that the main cause of varicose veins is the poor level of connective tissue development on the legs. Most often, women suffer from this disease, since constant hormonal changes create good conditions for the development of the disease.

What is varicose veins


Good strong veins require constant self-care. At the initial stage, varicose veins destroy the beauty of the legs, poses a small threat to health, but as it progresses, it creates complications and is life threatening. Varicose veins of other organs are most often companions of various diseases and to obtain a real effect, they must be treated together with them. Risk groups who first need to remember about the prevention of varicose veins:

  1. Everyone who leads a sedentary lifestyle.
  2. Worth a lot during the day, for example at work.
  3. Who is overweight or obese.
  4. Wears high heels or shoes that are too tight.
  5. Has a disease (or recent surgery) in the pelvic area.
  6. Wears tight clothing that impedes blood flow.
  7. Often sits cross-legged.
  8. Pregnant.
  9. Athletes exercising with regular overloads.
  10. Is taking hormones.

Many people do not even suspect that they are carriers of a serious illness. The advanced stage of this disease is treated quite hard, in contrast to the initial one. Therefore, everyone, and especially those who have a bad heredity, need to know what varicose veins is, its symptoms and remember - a timely appeal to a phlebologist is simply necessary, just like a preventive examination by a dentist. You need to take care of your health on your own, not letting things go by themselves.

Varicose veins, what are they?

To understand what varicose veins are, let's look at the underlying causes of this disease. As you know, our body is permeated with a frequent network of blood vessels, some of which drive blood to the heart - veins, others, on the contrary, carry it in the opposite direction - these are arteries. As long as the system is working smoothly, and the blood vessels are clean, elastic and not exposed to excessive stress, everything is fine. If regular failures begin, sooner or later they can lead to diseases, one of which is varicose veins.

It can occur anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found in the extremities. Partly because, by raising blood up the legs, the veins can withstand high loads, partly because our limbs are one of the most “busy” parts of our body - we have to lift weights, walk a lot, stand or sit, which is also bad, sohow it interferes with normal blood flow.


The most common form of this disease, which is mainly implied when mentioning varicose veins, is varicose veins of the legs. His initial symptoms were listed above, but what can neglect of treatment lead to? We list the main complications of this disease:

  • thrombophlebitis;
  • phlebothrombosis;
  • trophic ulcers;
  • bleeding varicose veins.

What is thrombophlebitis?This is an inflammation of the walls of the external veins and the appearance of blood clots on them, which not only narrow the space for blood flow, but ultimately can completely block the vessel. He almost from the very beginning accompanies varicose veins of the extremities. And a person who does not deal with his veins, as a result, to a bouquet of complications, receives acute thrombophlebitis, when a thrombus not only interferes with blood circulation, but is also the center of the focus of inflammation, affecting not only the walls of the vessel, but also nearby tissues.

Phlebothrombosis- so called deep vein thrombophlebitis, no less serious and difficult to treat disease, when thrombosis interferes with blood flow, and the vessels and tissues around them become inflamed. What is thrombosis? This is the appearance in the vessels of blood clots that interfere with the blood flow, or even completely block the lumen of the blood vessels. Even a partial decrease in the supply of fresh blood slows down tissue metabolism and leads to the accumulation of its products, and a complete blockage can eventually lead to cell death, that is, to tissue necrosis.

The special danger of these diseases is that it can eventually lead to thromboembolism - a thrombus, breaking off, will migrate with the blood flow throughout the body, clog one of the large arteries, which in turn can be fatal.

Another serious problem, last-degree varicose veins, is trophic ulcers - open wounds that do not heal for a long time. How long? If within a month and a half the wound does not even think to heal, this is a trophic ulcer. She is being treated, but this is a long and complex treatment, when you have to combine surgical and therapeutic methods.

A complication such as bleeding of varicose veins is no less dangerous. It can be caused both simply by the thinning of blood vessels in places of thickening, and by mechanical action. Because it costs nothing to damage a vessel that has become thinner and has lost its elasticity. Do not think that this applies only to the external veins, which are deeply as “gentle” and susceptible to any stress, impact, displacement.

The consequences of not treating varicose veins in the photo:

The consequences of not treating varicose veins

The varicose veins in the video are even more depressing. In order to prevent this, you need to consult a doctor as early as possible and strictly follow all his instructions, both in treatment and in lifestyle.


As mentioned above, there are other types of varicose veins. There are many of them, these diseases arise for various reasons, and if some are widespread enough, others are a very rare phenomenon, usually associated with other diseases.

  1. Reticular varicose veins - a mesh of blue stars on the thighs and calves. It occurs even in young and thin people, and is often considered only a cosmetic defect, although this is the first bell - you need to see a phlebologist.
  2. Asterisks and vascular mesh on the face are a reason to see an endocrinologist, as this often shows that a person has problems in the endocrine system. Although the reason may be in the way of life - alcohol abuse, fatty and junk food, sunburn, the habit of crushing acne.
  3. Varicose veins of the hands - most often this problem occurs in athletes and those whose work requires constant serious load on the hands.
  4. Varicocele is a varicose vein around the testicles. A very common pathology, and therefore men, especially adolescents, need to consult a doctor at the first symptoms, because not treatment often leads to infertility.
  5. Hemorrhoids - varicose veins of the rectum. Not only a sedentary lifestyle can lead to it, but also weight lifting, pregnancy, constipation and many more reasons.
  6. Varicose veins of the legs - has several stages and if you do not take up treatment at the initial stage, it can lead to serious vascular pathologies and disability.
  7. Varicose veins of internal organs - usually occurs as a complication of other diseases or in the postoperative period. It can be varicose veins of the pelvic organs, stomach, esophagus, etc.

This is a short list of the main types of this serious disease. You can learn about how to treat varicose veins of each type from the detailed articles published on our website. We try to regularly talk about both traditional and the most modern methods of its treatment.


The source of this problem is upright walking, which means that we are the only species on Earth that is affected by it. We will not consider pseudo-scientific hypotheses explaining why this happened, although some of them are quite funny. One, for example, assumes that humanity came to earth from Mars, where the force of gravity is much less, and therefore our body is not adapted to earthly loads, the other, that humans were created by aliens and somewhere underdeveloped. Be that as it may, bipedal locomotion requires the blood vessels to rise to a considerable height, which means that it subjects them to serious stress.

Usually, this system works harmoniously, blood quickly and evenly supplies all parts of the body with oxygen and essential substances. But if there is some kind of failure (trauma, for example) or the body is constantly affected by some unfavorable factors (hard work, heavy weight, hormonal deficiency, etc. ) CVI develops - chronic venous insufficiency. In recent decades, this disease has become noticeably younger and now occurs not only in the older generation, but also in adolescents, and therefore everyone needs to know its symptoms:

  • telangiectasia - expansion of small superficial vessels;
  • swelling of the legs, worse in the evening;
  • cramps, goose bumps and other painful sensations in the calf muscles;
  • cold feet;
  • pigmentation of the skin of the legs;
  • general discomfort and fatigue throughout the day.

As you can see, they largely coincide with the symptoms of varicose veins that were listed at the beginning of the article, because this is the beginning of the same disease - varicose veins. Therefore, if you have at least some of these signs, you should immediately contact a phlebologist who will prescribe treatment, help you decide on your diet and lifestyle. Varicose veins are not a disease that can be cured with pills, it is actually a way of life that must be followed constantly in order not to face more serious stages of its development.

The source of the problem is upright posture

Modern science offers a lot of methods of treatment that to some extent compensate for CVI, removing both its external manifestations and generally positively affecting the state of blood vessels. For example, read about spider veins on the legs, their causes and treatment. Medicine now offers a set of measures to combat this "cosmetic" defect, including this:

  • conservative therapy - ointments and tablets to strengthen the walls of blood vessels and stimulate blood flow;
  • compression therapy - special medical underwear;
  • invasive therapy - microthermocoagulation, microsclerotherapy.

Also among the effective methods to help get rid of telangiectasia and its causes are therapeutic exercises and lymphatic drainage massage.

It is much more difficult to treat varicose veins with complications, but even here an integrated approach does its job. What is meant? This is what modern medicine offers:

  1. Therapeutic methods - medicines, special underwear, massage, physiotherapy.
  2. Surgical methods (phlebectomy, miniflebectomy, short stripping, endoscopic vein dissection, etc. ). This is the most radical method of treating varicose veins, requiring not only preparation for the operation, its professional performance, but also qualified postoperative observation.

Medical treatment of varicose veins involves the use of drugs both for oral administration - such as drops, tablets and capsules, and for application to the skin - these are various ointments that are used to rub the sore legs. Some drugs narrow and strengthen blood vessels, others relieve inflammation, and others reduce blood clotting, so they can be used only after a doctor's prescription. External remedies, that is, various creams, ointments and jellies, usually have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic qualities. Often, components that affect blood clotting are added to them. These drugs act mainly on superficial vessels, but they have fewer contraindications.

Having discovered chronic venous insufficiency, if possible, it is necessary to exclude the causes of venous disease. That is, to change jobs that require spending the whole day on their feet or lifting weights, losing weight, giving up spicy foods, etc. It is clear that, for example, a hereditary predisposition cannot be removed, but knowing about it, you can choose an appropriate profession and monitor the condition of your veins, including once a year for prevention, visit a phlebologist. Despite all the advances in medicine, our health is still in our hands.