Detailed description for our readers: how to cure leg veins from varicose veins? on the site varicose veins-cure. rf in details and with photos.
In the article we talk about veins in the legs and talk about the treatment of varicose veins at home. You will find out what folk remedies can be used for varicose veins, whether massage is effective, and in which cases you cannot do without surgery. Using our tips, you can make compresses and tinctures to relieve puffiness and pain with varicose veins on the legs. You will also find out a list of ointments that are effective against varicose veins.
Varicose veins on the legs, veins on the legs
Varicose veins or varicose veins of the lower extremities is a disease in which the walls of superficial vessels become thinner, their lumen increases, and nodular enlargements are formed. Outwardly, the disease can be detected if the veins in the legs protrude. Varicose veins occur in both women and men, but women are more susceptible to pathology.
Varicose veins are enlargement (swelling) of veins that occurs on the surface of the leg muscles. The veins become swollen and twisted and stand out heavily under the skin. Why does varicose veins occur? In the lower extremities there are saphenous and deep veins, they are connected by communicating veins. Through them, blood flows upward from the saphenous veins to the deep ones. The muscle pump is responsible for its movement.
During physical movement, muscles contract and push blood upward. Venous valves prevent blood from flowing downward. This is the correct blood circulation, and it is possible only with normal venous tone.
If the tone of the venous wall is reduced, and the valves do not perform their function, the blood moves not only up but also down. This increases the pressure on the vessels, provokes their swelling and expansion, and promotes the formation of nodes.
Nerve endings located on the walls of blood vessels send a signal to the brain. The brain gives the command to increase the venous tone. An increase in resistance further increases the load on the veins, leading to atrophy of the venous wall and death of nerve endings.
Risk factors contributing to the development of varicose veins:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- lack of physical activity;
- unhealthy diet;
- hormonal imbalance;
- genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of varicose veins on the legs:
- heaviness in the legs;
- increased fatigue;
- local pain in the lower leg;
- swelling of the legs;
- night cramps - in severe cases.
In the initial stages, varicose veins are externally manifested by the formation of spider veins on the skin surface. In the course of the development of the disease, the expansion of the veins increases, hemodynamics is more and more disturbed. In the last stages, the superficial veins are fused to the skin. Blockage of veins occurs, trophic ulcers are formed.
A vein in the leg hurts - what to do
If a protruding vein appears on the leg and hurts, this indicates the development of varicose veins. The sooner you start treatment, the more successful it will be, and the higher the chances of stopping the disease from progressing.
Which doctor should I go to for varicose veins? The diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins is carried out by a phlebologist. Even in the initial stages, it is necessary to seek the advice of a specialist. He will identify the main factors that influenced the development of the disease, prescribe adequate methods of therapy and prevention.
Treatment of varicose veins in the legs
Treatment of varicose veins in the legs is carried out at home, if the patient does not require surgery or laser surgery. Doctors prescribe pills, ointments and gels that improve venous circulation, break down blood clots, increase blood flow, relieve swelling and fatigue in the legs. As an additional therapy, you can use folk remedies.
Treatment of varicose veins on the legs with folk remedies
In this section we will tell you how and how to treat varicose veins on the legs at home. If you are interested in how to treat varicose veins on the legs in women or how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men, you will find effective folk remedies in the table.
Traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of varicose veins:
|Name||How it works||Instructions for use|
|Nettle||Thins blood and improves blood circulation, strengthens vascular walls, prevents the formation of cholesterol plaques.||Take 5 tbsp. dry nettle and pour 250 ml of vodka. Insist the medicine for 7 days in a dark place. Use a tincture of 1 tablespoon. 3 times a day before meals.|
|Soda||Thins blood, removes swelling and heaviness in the legs, accelerates lymph drainage, relieves pain.||
Take 1-2 tbsp. baking soda and lightly moisten with water. Apply the mixture to the affected area and cover with a cabbage leaf. Secure the compress with gauze and leave it overnight.
You can make a foot bath with baking soda. To do this, dilute 200 g of soda in 5 liters of warm water. The duration of the procedure is 10-15 minutes.
|Apple Cider Vinegar||Increases the tone of the venous walls, improves blood circulation, eliminates swelling and reduces pain.||
Rub apple cider vinegar on the affected areas in the morning and evening after showering.
You can use apple vinegar as a compress. Moisten the gauze with liquid and fix it on your leg. Lie for 1 hour with your feet on a pillow 15-20 cm above your heart.
|Cabbage||Relieves swelling and redness, relieves pain.||Take a cabbage leaf and press down on it with a rolling pin to release the juice. Lubricate one side of the sheet with vegetable oil and apply to the sore spot. Secure the compress with a bandage. Leave it on all day or overnight.|
|Celandine||Relieves puffiness, fatigue and pain in the legs.||Brew 1 tbsp. celandine in a glass of boiling water. Soak a linen cloth in the broth. Wrap your legs and leave for 1 hour. Carry out the procedure for 7 days. Next, take a 10-day break.|
|Laundry soap||Relieves inflammation and accelerates regeneration. Promotes healing of cracks and wounds that worsen the condition with varicose veins.||Grate a bar of laundry soap. Crush 10 Aspirin tablets and fill them with 250 ml of vodka. Add soap. Insist 2 days. Use the product as a lotion.|
|Honey||Improves blood circulation, tones the walls of blood vessels and increases their elasticity. Strengthens general and local immunity.||
Take 1 tablespoon on an empty stomach. honey every day.
Foot baths are made with honey. To do this, dissolve 10 g of honey in 5 liters of warm water. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes.
|Wormwood||Relieves inflammation, thins blood and improves blood circulation, reduces pain.||Pour in 2 tbsp. dry wormwood with a glass of kefir. Saturate natural fabric in the mixture. Apply a compress to the affected area, secure. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes.|
|Raw potatoes||Strengthens the venous walls and improves blood circulation.||Finely grate raw potatoes. Apply gruel to your legs and secure with a bandage. Leave it on for 5 hours.|
|Kalanchoe||Relieves inflammation, accelerates regeneration processes, eliminates puffiness.||Wash and grind a few Kalanchoe leaves. Pour in 500 ml of vodka. Insist for 7 days. Rub the sore areas of the legs with the finished tincture.|
Ointment for varicose veins on the legs
Ointments for varicose veins are used when one or more veins are visible. Topical medications do not cure the disease, but only reduce the severity of manifestations. If your vein is swollen and come out, see a phlebologist. The doctor will advise the use of ointments and gels in the early stages, but the basis for stopping the disease will be its prevention and elimination of risk factors.
List of ointments for varicose veins on the legs:
- Heparin Ointmentis an inexpensive ointment based on sodium heparin. Anticoagulant, not only thins the blood, but also reduces pain.
- Troxevasin- increases the tone of the vascular walls, has anti-inflammatory, anti-edema and thinning effect. Prevents blood clots.
- A preparation containing leech extract.The ointment improves blood circulation, eliminates swelling and pain, increases the tone of the walls of blood vessels.
Tablets for varicose veins on the legs
In addition to ointments, tablets are also used in the early stages of varicose veins. For the treatment of varicose veins, phlebotonics, anticoagulants, antioxidants, antiplatelet agents are used.
Tablets for varicose veins:
- Diosmin- prevents stretching of blood vessels, increases the elasticity of venous walls, reduces blood stasis, helps to normalize blood circulation.
- Dipyridamole- improves blood microcirculation, prevents blood clots.
Never choose a drug yourself. Tablets for the treatment of varicose veins on the legs have a large number of contraindications for use, they can only be prescribed by the attending physician.
How to relieve varicose veins pain? For pain in the legs, you can use medicines with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects - Diclofenac, Indomethacin, Nimesulide, Ibuprofen, Paracetamol. To eliminate fatigue, lie down for a few minutes with your legs raised above heart level and a pillow underneath.
When treating varicose veins, it is important to wear special compression garments. Socks, knee-highs, stockings and tights with varying degrees of compression create the necessary pressure on the veins, this helps the muscle pump to push blood upward and improves blood circulation in the legs.
IN ADDITION, THE COMPRESSION LINEN REDUCES THE LOAD ON THE VIENNES, AT THE END OF THE DAY THE LEGS ARE LESS TIRED, NO SWEAMING.
You should not choose compression underwear yourself, without first consulting a phlebologist. If you find symptoms of varicose veins, contact a specialist, the doctor will examine the condition of the veins and, taking into account individual characteristics, choose the compression class and type of products.
- 1st class - compression no more than 23 mm Hg. Art. Prescribed in the early stages of varicose veins.
- Grade 2 - compression of about 33 mm Hg. Art. Used to treat moderate varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.
- Grade 3 - compression of about 45 mm Hg. Art. Used in the treatment of severe venous insufficiency.
- Grade 4 - compression over 50 mm HgArt. Prescribed for severe stages of the disease.
Massage for varicose veins
Massage is another method of treating varicose veins in the early stages. However, without following the correct technique, the procedure can cause even more harm. The massage should be performed by a qualified specialist.
Is it possible to massage the legs with varicose veins
Foot massage for varicose veins can be done only at the initial stage of the disease. It is forbidden to carry out the procedure for trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis and skin diseases. General contraindications include fever, infectious diseases and inflammation. Do not carry out anti-cellulite massage with varicose veins, especially with vacuum cans.
For the treatment of varicose veins, lymphatic drainage massage is performed. It improves blood circulation and lymph drainage, eliminates puffiness, fatigue and pain.
FOR LYMPH DRAINAGE MASSAGE, FIRST, SLOWLY RUBBLE THE SKIN. FURTHER MOVE FROM THE CAVIAR TO THE SHIN WITH Smooth MOVEMENTS, GRADUALLY INCREASING THE PRESSURE FORCE.
You can also use hydromassage with alternating water temperatures. Exposure to cold and warm water increases the tone of the vascular walls and improves blood circulation.
Laser treatment of leg veins
The procedure for treating varicose veins with a laser is called laser coagulation. This is a modern method by which the downward movement of blood is prevented. The laser allows you to increase the tone of the vascular walls and normalize blood circulation.
The principle of the technique is based on the thermal effect of a laser on the inner surface of a vein and blood. Steam bubbles form in the blood. The steam comes into contact with the vein wall, damages it and “charred” it. The resulting thrombus is replaced by connective tissue, and the passage is sealed.
Contraindications to laser coagulation:
- significant expansion of the vein trunk;
- foci of inflammation in the area of intervention;
- chronic ischemia of the lower extremities;
- diseases requiring priority treatment.
Surgery to remove varicose veins on the legs
The disease can be cured with the help of conservative and minimally invasive therapy, but it can be completely eliminated only through surgery.
The main surgical operation to eliminate varicose veins is phlebectomy. In the process of its implementation, the damaged veins are removed, this allows to normalize blood circulation in the deep veins.
Indications for conducting:
- extensive varicose veins;
- dilated saphenous veins;
- violation of blood outflow;
- trophic ulcers;
- late stage of varicose veins;
- ischemia of the heart;
- severe infectious diseases;
- second half of pregnancy;
- old age.
Rehabilitation after removal of a vein in the leg
Operation duration - 1-2 hours. The first time after its implementation, the patient is under the supervision of doctors. After a few hours, he is allowed to move his legs. The stitches are removed after 10 days.
In the postoperative period, the patient is prescribed to wear compression hosiery and perform special exercises. During the rehabilitation period, it is important to accustom yourself to normal physical activity, which will ensure blood circulation, but not cause severe stress on the veins.
Prevention of varicose veins in the legs
Prevention plays an important role in the treatment of varicose veins. It is especially important to follow certain rules if there is a genetic predisposition and other risk factors, as well as after laser treatment and phlebectomy to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
For the prevention of varicose veins, you can use folk remedies and topical medicines that increase the tone of the venous wall, improve blood circulation and relieve swelling and fatigue of the legs at the end of the working day. We have described all these tools in the article.
Lifestyle, Gymnastics and Diet
To prevent the development of varicose veins, you must lead a healthy lifestyle. Give up bad habits, which include not only alcohol and smoking, but also overeating. Obesity is one of the risk factors for varicose veins.
Balance your diet, eliminate fatty, fried, salty and overly spicy foods. Include more fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.
If you want to prevent the development of varicose veins, do not forget about gymnastics and light exercise. To disperse blood in the lower extremities, gymnastics must use the legs. An excellent exercise for the prevention of varicose veins is a bicycle.
Wear comfortable shoes. If you have a predisposition to the disease, contact a phlebologist. The doctor will help you choose compression garments.
Prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy
Pregnant women are more at risk of developing varicose veins. To prevent the development of the disease during the period of bearing a child, follow the simple rules of prevention:
- Wear compression socks or stockings.
- Exercise to improve circulation in your legs.
- Do not stand or sit in the same position for a long time.
- Wear comfortable shoes and clothing.
- Sleep on your left side, this position will allow you not to pinch the vein on the right side, which is responsible for the outflow of blood from the lower extremities.
- Don't cross your legs.
- Eat right.
- Take a walk in the fresh air.
What happens if varicose veins are not treated
Varicose veins is a serious disease that, if untreated, causes dangerous complications, including:
- separation of a thrombus and blockage of the lumen of the vein; pulmonary embolism;
- trophic ulcers;
- swelling of various parts of the body;
- thickening of the subcutaneous fat at the site of the lesion.
What to Remember
- Varicose veins are varicose veins that result from a decrease in the tone of the vascular wall.
- In the initial stages of varicose veins, you can use ointments and tablets and folk remedies. The disease can be completely cured only by surgery.
- If you experience symptoms of varicose veins, consult a phlebologist. He will find the right treatment.
Varicose veins are a chronic disease in which the venous vessels stretch or lengthen. Varicose veins occur not only in the veins of the legs (but this is the most common form of it), it can also develop in the blood vessels of other internal organs. With all forms of varicose veins, the methods of its treatment at home are very similar.
The diagnosis of the disease is carried out by a phlebologist or vascular surgeon, who also determines how to treat the disease in a particular case. Treatment of pathology is based on two methods: conservative therapy of varicose veins, which is carried out at home, and surgery.
Varicose veinsDepending on the degree of development of venous pathology, the treatment of varicose veins at home can be:
- The main treatment is only in the early stages of the disease. Seeking medical help at the stage of small swelling of the feet or when a vascular pattern appears on the legs can cure the disease at home.
- Auxiliary treatment - in advanced stages of the disease, when the developed pathology requires specialized therapy, and exercises carried out at home aimed at improving blood outflow are a necessary addition to the main treatment.
- Preventive measure after surgery, preventing the further development of pathology.
At the heart of varicose veins is the weakness of the connective tissue of the wall of venous vessels, therefore, conservative treatment of the disease is primarily aimed at strengthening this wall. This approach to treatment is fundamental and allows you to treat varicose veins of any location: both on the legs and veins of internal organs.
Also, the treatment of varicose veins on the legs at home requires a whole range of additional measures:
|Taking medications||Strengthening the vascular wall|
|Taking vitamin supplements|
|Use of external medicines|
|Vein Gymnastics||Improved venous blood flow|
|Wearing compression garments|
|Exercise for Blood Outflow|
|Sleep with raised legs|
|Workflow Optimization||Reducing the load on the venous vessels of the legs|
|Special physical exercises||Strengthening the calf muscles|
Activities aimed at strengthening the vascular wall
These methods - aimed at improving the permeability of the vascular wall of the veins, increasing its tone and elasticity - are the main areas of treatment for varicose veins, including leg veins.
- Treatment with drugs that include diosmin, troxerutin, escin. It is necessary to treat varicose veins with these drugs solely as prescribed by a doctor who will select the remedy and determine the frequency and duration of admission.
- Treatment by means of traditional medicine recipes.
- Taking vitamin preparations - it has been proven that vitamins have the greatest effect on the permeability of the vascular wall: rutin (vitamin P) and ascorbic acid. Therefore, a combination of these two vitamins is widely used for the prevention and treatment of the disease.
- Application of ointments and gels.
How to treat varicose veins at home with folk remedies:
|Alcoholic tincture of horse chestnut flowers||Take 50 g of flowers, fill them with 500 ml of ethyl alcohol at a concentration of 50%. Infuse the mixture for two weeks, shaking daily, then strain. Take 30-40 drops 3 times daily before meals for 30 days.|
|Infusion of nettle leaves||Take 2 tablespoons of dried herb of stinging nettle, pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 1 hour. Strain the infusion, take 60 ml 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 30 days, a break - 15 days, repeat twice.|
|Infusion of hop cones||Pour 200 ml of hot water over two tablespoons of dried cones, simmer for 10 minutes, strain. Take 200 ml of infusion 2-3 times a day. Remember that it causes drowsiness.|
|Apple cider vinegar solution||Add 10 ml of apple cider vinegar to 200 ml of water, take this drink in the morning and evening. The prescription is contraindicated for people with gastrointestinal ulcers.|
Getting rid of varicose veins by running
Running with varicose veins is possible at the first and second stages. At the same time, it is recommended to avoid significant loads on the legs, giving preference to jogging and race walking. In the presence of thrombosis, as well as in the later stages of the disease, jogging is not recommended.
It is possible to get rid of varicose veins by running only at the very beginning of the disease, when the veins are not yet stretched. At this stage, there is no clinical symptomatology of the disease. Therefore, the patient simply does not know about the need to start classes. At the moment when the diagnosis of varicose veins is made, jogging is no longer able to completely cure the pathology.
When to see a phlebologist?
Seeing a doctor for varicose veins should occur as early as possible. The more advanced the disease is by this time, the less likely the patient will be completely cured. Ideally, if a person visits the clinic at the time of detection of the first signs: heaviness in the legs, flying pains when standing for a long time, puffiness.
Nutrition, diet for varicose veins
With varicose veins, diet plays a significant role in stabilizing the patient's condition and restoring vascular tone.
Recommended to eat:
- seafood (mussels, shrimps, squids);
- fruits rich in vitamin C (kiwi, black currant, citrus);
- blood thinning foods (garlic, lemon, onion, cherry).
Dietary restrictions are consistent with an overall sparing diet. It is forbidden to take alcoholic beverages, excessively salty, spicy, sour and other foods that have irritating properties. Also, do not consume large quantities of coffee, tea and other drinks that have diuretic properties.
The basis of VVV prevention is the rejection of a sedentary lifestyle and static loads on the legs. It is recommended to take a short jog or walk for several kilometers every day. During the working day, you should take short breaks dedicated to leg gymnastics. In addition, you should eat the foods described in the previous section and wear compression tights if necessary. Moderate compression improves blood flow in the superficial veins.
Despite the seeming safety, varicose veins is a disease that, under certain conditions, poses a threat to human life. This is especially true for the later stages of the development of pathology, in which the vascular wall becomes thinner, and its integrity is very easily disturbed. Therefore, therapy using folk recipes should be started as soon as possible. In order to avoid mistakes and use of incorrect methods of treatment, it is necessary to consult a doctor before starting it.