Treatment of varicose veins in the legs can be carried out in various ways, so in some cases it is possible to cope with the disease at home. It all depends on the degree of development of the disease. Varicose veins are not only an external manifestation of the disease, but also a pain syndrome that the patient has to endure.
What is the disease associated with
What causes varicose veins? The disease makes itself felt when there is an increased venous pressure. Varicose veins are not only found on the legs. The disease can affect the stomach, esophagus, veins of the small pelvis, etc. However, varicose veins of the lower extremities in patients are most often observed.
The most common causes of varicose veins:
- hereditary factor;
- increase in venous pressure;
If a person in the family had the disease in his close relatives, then he is at risk. Varicose veins in the fair sex are capable of provoking pregnancy, as well as the use of hormonal drugs. The causes of varicose veins on the legs are associated with a sedentary lifestyle, low level of physical activity, static loads when the body is in an upright position. Varicose veins of the lower extremities can occur in the presence of excess body weight, obesity.
These factors cause varicose veins, increased venous pressure, which is associated with disruption of the normal functioning of the venous valves. Due to pathological changes, varicose veins form abnormal blood flows. They are called refluxes in medicine. The patient has a pathological reverse flow of venous blood, the direction of flow from deep veins to superficial ones. Such consequences of varicose veins on the legs are dangerous, since they provoke the progression of the disease. There is an increase in pressure on the entire venous system.
When the blood flow is correct, it flows through the veins of the lower extremities from bottom to top. This can be achieved through various mechanisms. This can be a contraction of muscle tissue in the leg during movement, the presence of valves in the veins that prevent reverse blood flow, blood pressure from the arteries.
When the valves stop doing their job, negative changes associated with venous blood flow occur. Due to this, excessive stretching of the veins is observed. The blood flow has a chaotic order; blood stagnates in the veins of the legs. This is especially true for the saphenous veins. In them, the pressure becomes very high, for this reason the vascular walls become thinner, expand.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are most often diagnosed in those persons who have been on their feet for a long time.
Varicose veins in the legs of women are sometimes caused by negative hormonal changes in the body. In pregnant women, during gestation, a gradual increase in uterine pressure on the veins of the abdominal cavity occurs. For this reason, there is a difficulty in the outflow of blood.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are often seen in the elderly. When a person lifts heavy objects, coughs, he is tormented by chronic constipation, varicose veins of the legs, caused by disturbances in the functioning of the venous valves, occurs due to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure.
The main symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
- veins become thickened;
- acquire a dark blue, purple hue, wriggle;
- uneven brownish pigmentation appears on the skin of the ankles, legs;
- the person experiences intense pain in the legs, especially when the foot is too raised;
- convulsions occasionally occur;
- ulcerative defects are visible on the skin of the legs, they can also occur in the area of the joints.
Why are varicose veins on the legs dangerous? This disease can be associated with various complications: ulcers on the skin, eczema, venous bleeding of a high severity, which appear with injuries of the lower extremities. If patients do not treat the disease or do it incorrectly, they develop thrombophlebitis. This is an inflammation of a separate section of the vein with the formation of a blood clot. The consequences of varicose veins on the legs are very serious.
Therefore, as soon as the first signs of varicose veins are noticed, you should immediately contact a medical institution. You should go to an appointment with a phlebologist (a specialist who fights venous diseases). Treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities is most successful if it is started at an early stage of development. The disease is easier to treat and the risk of complications is reduced. The trip to the phlebologist cannot be delayed.
Initially, in the process of diagnosis, the doctor performs an initial examination. Further assigns a certain type of instrumental research. In most cases, Doppler ultrasound is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis. In order to choose the right methods for treating varicose veins, sometimes special substances are injected into the bloodstream, after which a study of their distribution through the vessels is carried out.
Stages of development of the disease
The international scientific community has defined the systematization of VBNK. According to her, it is possible to distinguish the stages of varicose veins, of which there are 6the length of time the patient will face all stages and end up on the operating table.
Classification identifies stage zero. Patients are diagnosed with symptoms that are inherent in varicose veins of the lower extremities. Among them are:
- pain, heaviness in the legs;
- cramps that appear during sleep.
According to external signs and the results of research, the disease cannot be detected.
At the 1st stage of varicose veins on the lower extremities, you can observe the stars of the vessels or the vascular network. The manifestation of the already indicated signs of the disease is possible.
The signs of varicose veins become more pronounced in the next stage. A person can independently see that the veins are enlarged, there are nodules with a bluish tinge. They are able to increase their size if the female representative wears high-heeled shoes during the day or sits at the computer for a long time in the office. It is at this stage that there is already a risk of blood clots.
In the next step, the symptoms described above are reinforced by the appearance of regular edema. It is very clearly visible at the end of the working day. In the morning, puffiness can disappear, and in the evening, after prolonged stress, it appears again.
The 4th stage, which the classification provides, is associated with trophic transformations in the lower limbs. They are caused by inadequate nutrition. As there is excessive accumulation of pigment, the skin becomes abnormal in color. The color can range from dark brown to black.
There is a high likelihood of developing an inflammatory process. These can be both minor redness and extensive weeping lesions. After a while, atrophy of the skin is observed. This phenomenon is due to the fact that white, slightly sunken areas can appear on the skin. All these deviations lead to the formation of a trophic ulcer.
Stage 5 is associated with the presence of all the symptoms already mentioned and a healed trophic ulcer. Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities at the 6th stage consist in the presence of an active non-healing trophic ulcer.
Effective measures to eliminate varicose veins in the legs
If varicose veins of the legs are diagnosed in a timely manner, basic treatment is carried out. During the therapeutic course, special phlebotropic drugs are used, which provide toning and strengthening of the venous walls. Medications are used for internal administration in the form of tablets and for external use, in the form of gels, ointments. If varicose veins are neglected, then only such methods cannot be dispensed with.
How to remove varicose veins on the legs in more severe stages? There are various procedures, methods and methods that allow you to effectively and painlessly treat varicose veins on the legs. For example, veins can be sealed, glued, or removed entirely. You can also glue small vessels together. This is also a fairly effective treatment for varicose veins of the lower extremities.
If varicose veins develop on the legs, treatment in this way can eliminate asterisks. To do this, a special substance is injected into the vessels, which helps to glue the walls of the veins. After a while, a cord forms, the glued vein dissolves. The described procedure for varicose veins on the legs is carried out without anesthesia, it takes from 5 to 15 minutes to complete.
How to cure varicose veins? Laser coagulation comes to the rescue. It promotes the sealing of large vessels. The manipulation is carried out under local anesthesia. After the procedure, the damaged vessel is absorbed.
After the treatment of varicose veins in the legs by any of the listed methods, you should carefully take care of the body. You can not lift weights, wear high-heeled shoes. To maximize the benefits of the treatment of varicose veins on the legs, you should wear special compression hosiery. He is appointed by a doctor, he can belong to the 1st or 2nd class.
How to deal with varicose veins? In severe cases, a surgical operation is performed. During it, the dilated veins are removed. With varicose veins of the lower extremities of stage 6, the attending physician prescribes treatment for complications.
Complex treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities consists of special therapeutic exercises. Such physical education allows you to relieve stress, has a beneficial effect on blood vessels.
The symptoms of varicose veins of the legs do not go away on their own if you do not take any measures. First, you need to diagnose and identify the true cause of such formations.
If varicose veins of the lower extremities are diagnosed, the symptoms of the disease can be made less pronounced, to reduce discomfort and pain on their own.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs? It is important to periodically be in motion, to change the position of the body. If the patient does not exercise, blood stagnates in the vessels and blood pressure rises. Because of this, water collects in the area of the feet, legs, ankles, so the pain becomes pronounced.
Knee-highs and tights will allow you to fight varicose veins on your legs. They do not allow fluid to remain in the tissues. The patient should not sleep in a sitting position.
Treatment of varicose veins of the legs is sometimes carried out using folk remedies. Various ointments and gels are used in the process. It should be noted that such drugs are unable to completely eliminate the ailment, however, they help relieve inflammation, improve trophism. They are prescribed for thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers, while it is required to strictly observe the duration of the course of therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are suppressed in the early stages through the use of medicinal herbs. However, you should be very careful not to harm. The patient is allergic to many herbs, there is an individual intolerance.
Everyone should take care of their health, alternate loads with rest, lead an active lifestyle, and eat right. If the ailment made itself felt, it must be eliminated from the very beginning, so as not to face unpleasant consequences. You should never self-medicate, because you need to professionally identify the causes of the disease and correctly diagnose. Only after that, you can start medical procedures.