Varicose veins are caused by problems with the valves of the veins. Varicose veins are much more common in women than in men, and even more so in adolescents. In addition, in recent years, this disease is becoming "younger". Many believe that the disease manifests itself in women only by the age of 40, but minor manifestations of the disease can begin even in youth.
Causes and risk factors
The causes of varicose veins are largely related to the woman's lifestyle.
Problem arises from closure of vein valves. Against this background, bleeding, blood clots, ulcers, anemia, thromboembolism may appear. Without a solution to the problem, the disease even leads to disability. Treatment takes place through medication, laser therapy or surgery.
With varicose veins, the veins of the lower extremities or upper extremities expand. It proceeds in four stages, during which the vessels are clogged, blood flow is impeded and the venous network changes. The first and second stages are easier to treat. The appearance of varicose veins is influenced by many factors. The causes of varicose veins in women lie in the wrong lifestyle. Most often, the reasons for the occurrence in the fair sex are large sports loads on the legs, frequent use of high-heeled shoes, pregnancy. But few people know that varicose veins can also occur due to hormonal changes. That is why varicose veins are often diagnosed with menopause. An important role is played by a woman's predisposition to him, which is inherited from her parents. In general, an improper lifestyle can affect the manifestation of the disease.
Symptoms of the disease
Initially, women notice that their legs are more tired than before.
Varicose veins occur at different ages. Usually, few people pay attention to the first symptoms of varicose veins in women. Pathology begins completely innocently. Early symptoms are characterized by tired legs, itching, or swelling. Many attribute everything to fatigue and a busy workday. They think that if you do a massage and rest for a couple of days, the pain will go away. But it intensifies and becomes chronic; it appears not only during movement. The swelling also becomes permanent.
"Varicose asterisks" - signs of varicose veins in women. In this case, a mesh of veins on the legs is visible. This happens when the valves of the vessels close and the blood flow becomes difficult. Then a network of veins can be observed near the knees or on the calves, which will increase in the future. Characterized by the disease and cramps in the calves, brittle nails on the fingers of the lower extremities. Due to ignoring the symptoms, small wounds may appear on the legs in the later stages. Along with this, discomfort increases.
If a problem develops, you should see a doctor to avoid serious deviations. The consequences of varicose veins arise due to neglect of one's own health. Because of this, various complications begin, from which over time it becomes more and more difficult to get rid of. Few thought about what ignoring the disease can lead to. For some reason, many believe that it will either pass on its own or stop at the initial stage. The consequences can be chronic pain and the appearance of small wounds. These wounds turn into scars on the woman's skin. And because of the constant clogging of blood vessels, the result can be the formation of large blood clots. In this case, deformed skin areas appear on the legs.
If you do not see a doctor in time, in the worst case, even amputation of a limb is possible.
Pathology requires an obligatory visit to a specialized doctor.
If problems are identified, an urgent need to consult a doctor. Only a specialist can prescribe the correct treatment. You must always remember that treating varicose veins on your own is just as dangerous as ignoring the problem. Varicose veins on the legs of women require complex treatment. It is necessary to turn to narrowly focused specialists - phlebologists. They resort to this treatment:
- folk remedies;
- surgical intervention;
The last two treatments are used only for complications and advanced stages. In general, everything can be corrected with the help of special medicinal treatment or alternative methods. A special diet is also required. But all this treatment must take place under the strict supervision of a specialist doctor. After treatment, preventive gymnastics will be prescribed.
Therapy with folk remedies
Leg varicose veins can be treated with lemon, strawberry, raspberry, parsley, grape and many other remedies. Raspberry and honey can be used as a mask. The strawberries are ground and applied to the skin. And a good tincture is obtained from a mixture of honey and alcohol, it must be rubbed into the skin of the legs until it is completely absorbed. These products help improve blood flow, reduce leg swelling and pain. Lemon juice makes wonderful baths. And compresses with grape and parsley juice even reduces inflammation on the legs. Ginseng is a universal remedy. Strong ointments are prepared from it. And if you brew ginseng and let it brew, you can drink it like a regular tincture. This medicine will give lightness to the legs, relieve pain, fatigue.
To eliminate the pathology, the doctor may prescribe drugs in the form of tablets.
Various medications can be prescribed at any stage, but they are most effective in the first two. Since the treatment of varicose veins of the legs is complex, the phlebologist will prescribe ointments, tablets. Their action will only work properly if the drugs are used continuously. For example, the ointment should be applied on average three times a day.
Foot ointments or gels can help reduce swelling. They help to quickly get rid of the disease. They also remove inflammation and can contribute to vasodilation. Pain relievers are usually prescribed to relieve the burning sensation in the legs. Angioprotectors are used. They improve blood circulation in the legs. Sometimes special medications are used to "thin" the blood and speed up the blood flow.
Operations for varicose veins
For serious complications, surgery can help. In the worst cases, amputation is used. After surgery, medication is prescribed, diet and gymnastics are prescribed. Only after this can we talk about complete recovery. Among the most popular surgical methods are:
- Laser therapy. This is the most popular and affordable method of treatment - using a laser.
- Sclerotherapy, the essence of which is the introduction of a special fluid into a vein, which narrows the lumen.
- Phlebectomy, in which the affected veins are simply removed.
- Radio wave therapy. This is the most painless method, as there is no surgical intervention.
Diet for varicose veins
In case of problems with blood vessels, exclude very salty foods from the diet.
Many people are surprised when they hear that diet is necessary for treatment. But this is not surprising. Diet with varicose veins allows you to lose weight (it increases the load on the legs) and accelerate blood flow. Therefore, it is necessary to switch to a proper and balanced diet, which prolongs remission. Forbidden:
- eat fatty and fried foods;
- drink alcohol;
- eat too salty or spicy food;
- to abuse various smoked meats;
Instead of all this junk food, it's better to eat more fruits and vegetables, they are high in fiber, which is so necessary for the body. If there is no fresh fruit, then it is better to remember about dried fruit. Many types of nuts are extremely beneficial. Besides. you must adhere to the drinking regime. It is better to give up animal fats, give preference to olive oil, eat more fish.
Varicose veins on the legs of women require preventive measures. But prevention is also needed for those who have not encountered this problem. This will prevent varicose veins in young people. Prevention of varicose veins includes two main measures: diet and gymnastics. The basic principle of the diet is to eliminate all trans fats from your diet and replace them with fiber. Gymnastics, in turn, includes a set of simple exercises. An additional tool can be anti-varicose clothing. It is made from jersey and promotes blood flow.